Article 3 - Hugo
Selection of the Hugo Awards shall be made as provided in this
3.2.1: Unless otherwise specified, Hugo Awards are given for work
in the field of science fiction or fantasy appearing for the first time
during the previous calendar year.
3.2.2: A work originally appearing in a language other than English
shall also be eligible for the year in which it is first issued in English
3.2.3: The Business Meeting may by a 3/4 vote provide that works
originally published outside the United States of America and first
published in the United States of America in the current year shall also
be eligible for Hugo Awards given in the following year.
3.2.4: A work shall not be eligible if in a prior year it received
sufficient nominations to appear on the final award ballot.
3.2.5: Publication date, or cover date in the case of a dated
periodical, takes precedence over copyright date.
3.2.6: Works appearing in a series are eligible as individual
works, but the series as a whole is not eligible. However, a work
appearing in a number of parts shall be eligible for the year of the final
3.2.7: In the written fiction categories, an author may withdraw a
version of a work from consideration if the author feels that the version
is not representative of what that author wrote.
3.2.8: The Worldcon Committee shall not consider previews,
promotional trailers, commercials, public service announcements, or other
extraneous material when determining the length of a work. Running times
of dramatic presentations shall be based on their first general release.
3.2.9: The Worldcon Committee may relocate a story into a more
appropriate category if it feels that it is necessary, provided that the
length of the story is within the lesser of five thousand (5,000) words or
twenty percent (20%) of the new category limits.
3.2.10: The Worldcon Committee may relocate a dramatic presentation
work into a more appropriate category if it feels that it is necessary,
provided that the length of the work is within the lesser of twenty (20)
minutes or twenty percent (20%) of the new category limits.
3.2.11: The Worldcon Committee is responsible for all matters
concerning the Awards.
3.3.1: Best Novel. A science fiction or fantasy story of forty
thousand (40,000) words or more.
3.3.2: Best Novella. A science fiction or fantasy story of between
seventeen thousand five hundred (17,500) and forty thousand (40,000)
3.3.3: Best Novelette. A science fiction or fantasy story of
between seven thousand five hundred (7,500) and seventeen thousand five
hundred (1 7,500) words.
3.3.4: Best Short Story. A science fiction or fantasy story of less
than seven thousand five hundred (7,500) words.
3.3.5: Best Related Book. Any work whose subject is related to the
field of science fiction, fantasy, or fandom, appearing for the first time
in book form during the previous calendar year, and which is either
non-fiction or, if fictional, is noteworthy primarily for aspects other
than the fictional text.
3.3.6: Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form. Any production in any
medium of dramatized science fiction, fantasy or related subjects that has
been publicly presented for the first time in its present dramatic form
during the previous calendar year, with a complete running time of more
than 90 minutes.
3.3.7: Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form. Any production in
any medium of dramatized science fiction, fantasy or related subjects that
has been publicly presented for the first time in its present dramatic
form during the previous calendar year, with a complete running time of 90
minutes or less.
3.3.8: Best Professional Editor. The editor of any professional
publication devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy during the
previous calendar year. A professional publication is one which had an
average press run of at least ten thousand (10,000) copies per
3.3.9: Best Professional Artist. An illustrator whose work has
appeared in a professional publication in the field of science fiction or
fantasy during the previous calendar year.
3.3.10: Best Semiprozine. Any generally available non-professional
publication devoted to science fiction or fantasy which by the close of
the previous calendar year has published four (4) or more issues, at least
one (1) of which appeared in the previous calendar year, and which in the
previous calendar year met at least two (2) of the following
(1) had an average press run of at least one thousand (1000) copies per
(2) paid its contributors and/or staff in other than copies of the
(3) provided at least half the income of any one person,
(4) had at least fifteen percent (15%) of its total space occupied by
(5) announced itself to be a semiprozine.
3.3.11: Best Fanzine. Any generally available non-professional
publication devoted to science fiction, fantasy, or related subjects which
by the close of the previous calendar year has published four (4) or more
issues, at least one (1) of which appeared in the previous calendar year,
and which does not qualify as a semiprozine.
3.3.12: Best Fan Writer. Any person whose writing has appeared in
semiprozines or fanzines or in generally available electronic media during
the previous calendar year.
3.3.13: Best Fan Artist. An artist or cartoonist whose work has
appeared through publication in semiprozines or fanzines or through other
public display during the previous calendar year. Any person whose name
appears on the final Hugo Awards ballot for a given year under the
Professional Artist category shall not be eligible in the Fan Artist
category for that year.
3.3.14: Additional Category. Not more than one special category may
be created by the current Worldcon Committee with nomination and voting to
be the same as for the permanent categories. The Worldcon Committee is not
required to create any such category; such action by a Worldcon Committee
should be under exceptional circumstances only; and the special category
created by one Worldcon Committee shall not be binding on following
Committees. Awards created under this paragraph shall be considered to be
Eligibility. In the event that a potential Hugo Award nominee receives
extremely limited distribution in the year of its first publication or
presentation, its eligibility may be extended for an additional year by a
three fourths (3/4) vote of the intervening Business Meeting of
3.5: Name and
Design. The Hugo Award shall continue to be standardized on the rocket
ship design of Jack McKnight and Ben Jason. Each Worldcon Committee may
select its own choice of base design. The name (Hugo Award) and the design
shall not be extended to any other award.
Award". At the discretion of an individual Worldcon Committee, if
the lack of nominations or final votes in a specific category shows a
marked lack of interest in that category on the part of the voters, the
Award in that category shall be canceled for that year.
3.7.1: The Worldcon Committee shall conduct a poll to select the
nominees for the final Award voting. Each member of either the
administering or the immediately preceding Worldcon as of January 31 of
the current calendar year shall be allowed to make up to five (5) equally
weighted nominations in every category.
3.7.2: The Committee shall include with each nomination ballot a
copy of Article 3 of the WSFS Constitution.
3.7.3: Nominations shall be solicited only for the Hugo Awards and
the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer.
3.8: Tallying of
3.8.1: Except as provided below, the final Award ballots shall list
in each category the five eligible nominees receiving the most
nominations. If there is a tie including fifth place, all the tied
eligible nominees shall be listed.
3.8.2: The Worldcon Committee shall determine the eligibility of
nominees and assignment to the proper category of nominees nominated in
more than one category.
3.8.3: Any nominations for "No Award" shall be
3.8.4: If a nominee appears on a nomination ballot more than once
in any one category, only one nomination shall be counted in that
3.8.5: No nominee shall appear on the final Award ballot if it
received fewer nominations than five percent (5%) of the number of ballots
listing one or more nominations in that category, except that the first
three eligible nominees, including any ties, shall always be listed.
and Acceptance. Worldcon Committees shall use reasonable efforts to
notify the nominees, or in the case of deceased or incapacitated persons,
their heirs, assigns, or legal guardians, in each category prior to the
release of such information. Each nominee shall be asked at that time to
either accept or decline the nomination. If the nominee declines
nomination, that nominee shall not appear on the final ballot.
3.10.1: Final Award voting shall be by balloting in advance of the
Worldcon. Postal mail shall always be acceptable. Only WSFS members may
vote. Final Award ballots shall include name, signature, address, and
membership-number spaces to be filled in by the voter.
3.10.2: Final Award ballots shall list only the Hugo Awards and the
John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer.
3.10.3: "No Award" shall be listed in each category of
Hugo Award on the final ballot.
3.10.4: The Committee shall, on or with the final ballot,
designate, for each nominee in the printed fiction categories, one or more
books, anthologies, or magazines in which the nominee appeared (including
the book publisher or magazine issue date(s)).
3.10.5: Voters shall indicate the order of their preference for the
nominees in each category.
3.11: Tallying of
3.11.1: In each category, votes shall first be tallied by the
voter's first choices. If no majority is then obtained, the nominee who
places last in the initial tallying shall be eliminated and the ballots
listing it as first choice shall be redistributed on the basis of those
ballots' second choices. This process shall be repeated until a
majority-vote winner is obtained.
3.11.2: No Award shall be given whenever the total number of valid
ballots cast for a specific category (excluding those cast for "No
Award" in first place) is less than twenty-five percent (25%) of the
total number of final Award ballots received.
3.11.3: After a tentative winner is determined, then unless
"No Award" shall be the winner, the following additional test
shall be made. If the number of ballots preferring "No Award" to
the tentative winner is greater than the number of ballots preferring the
tentative winner to "No Award", then "No Award" shall
be declared the winner of the election.
3.11.4: The complete numerical vote totals, including all
preliminary tallies for first, second, ... places, shall be made public by
the Worldcon Committee within ninety (90) days after the Worldcon. During
the same period the nomination voting totals shall also be published,
including in each category the vote counts for at least the fifteen
highest vote-getters and any other candidate receiving a number of votes
equal to at least five percent (5%) of the nomination ballots cast in that
No member of the current Worldcon Committee nor any publications closely
connected with a member of the Committee shall be eligible for an Award.
However, should the Committee delegate all authority under this Article to
a Subcommittee whose decisions are irrevocable by the Worldcon Committee,
then this exclusion shall apply to members of the Subcommittee only.
Hugos. A Worldcon held 50, 75, or 100 years after a Worldcon at which
no Hugos were presented may conduct nominations and elections for Hugos
which would have been presented at that previous Worldcon. Procedures
shall be as for the current Hugos. Categories receiving insufficient
numbers of nominations may be dropped. Once retrospective Hugos have been
awarded for a Worldcon, no other Worldcon shall present retrospective
Hugos for that Worldcon.
Last updated: 09 July 2003
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